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Valuable Lessons I’ve Learned About Services

What Is A Medical Laboratory

A medical laboratory is where the tests for the clinical specimen will be taking place in order to get the important details that will help on the diagnosis, treatment, and preventive measures for a patient. Clinical laboratories focus on applied science mainly on the production-like basis not like the research laboratories that focus on basic science on an academic basis.

Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. These two departments are listed below.

Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. The other courses related to this section are histology, pathophysiology, pathology, and physiology.

Clinical pathology that includes the following:

Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five different units of science. The units are virology, parasitology, bacteriology, mycology, and immunology.
Clinical chemistry – the instrumental analysis of blood components, endocrinology, toxicology, and enzymology, are the units that are included in this section.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
Genetics is studied also alongside a subspecialty which is the cytogenetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
The distribution of the clinical laboratories in different health institutions will differ from different places. For example, some facilities may have one laboratory intended for microbiology while some health institutions might have different labs for each unit without a single lab for microbiology.

Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.

You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. A sensitivity test will also be done in order to know if the pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a prescribed medicine, simply check this company. The determined organism or organisms and the type and amount of medication that will be prescribed to the patient will be given together with the result.

The types of medical laboratories
There are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens in a lot of countries. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. The samples from health clinics, general practitioners, clinical research sites, and insurance companies will be analyzed in private laboratories. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.

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